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Rheogoniometry of molten blends of polystyrene and styrenic ionomers

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Abstract

The rheological properties of the molten blends between polystyrene (PS) and styrenemethacrylic acid copolymer (S-MAA) or its metallic salts were determined with a Weissenberg rheogoniometer, and the mixed structure and the processability were discussed. Results were as follows. (1) The viscosities of the salts increased and the compliances decreased with increasing density of ionic crosslinkings. (2) The viscosities of the molten blend between PS and S-MAA or its salt increased steeply even at lower shear rate and the Newtonian flow region was not observed. (3) This shear-sensitivity of viscosity in low shear rate region increased with increasing temperature. (4) The effect of temperature on the viscosity of these blends deviated from the simple Arrhenius plot. (5) Some network structures are suggested for the blends between PS and S-MAA salts but they may be broken eventually under high shear rate or at high temperature. Therefore, the mixed structures and the flow mechanisms of these molten blends seem to change with shear or temperature.

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