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Cellulose acetate ultrafiltration membranes

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Abstract

Twenty-three different casting solution compositions involving cellulose acetate E-938-3 (polymer, P), acetone (solvent, S), and aqueous magnesium perchlorate (Mg(ClO4)2:H2O = 1:8.5) (nonsolvent, N) were studied for making ultrafiltration membranes. These compositions (expressed in weight units) involved N/P ratios of 0.817 to 1.3 and S/P ratios of 3.5 to 5.33. It was found that by adjusting the values of S/P and N/P ratios in the casting solution composition, temperature of the casting solution, temperature of the casting atmosphere, and solvent evaporation period during film formation, a wide variety of cellulose acetate membranes useful for both ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis applications could be obtained. The results of a continuous test run at 50 psig for a period of 250 hr with a typical set of membranes, and their separation characterstics for a group of solutes ranging in molecular weight from 58 to 160,000, are presented.

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