Reactions catalyzed by soda lime glass. II. Polymerization of methyl methacrylate

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Abstract

Rates of sodium bisulfite-initiated polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in water were determined in the presence and absence of colorless and colored soda lime glass (amber glass). The rate of polymerization increased in the presence of glass. For example, the rate of polymerization increased from 1.3 × 10−5 mole/(1.sec) to 3.9 × 10−5 mole/(1.sec) when amber glass (200 mesh) concentration was varied from 0 to 30 g/l. of the reaction mixture at 40°C. It was found that the finer the particle size of the soda lime glass, the higher was the conversion percentage of monomer to polymer. A glass–polymer combination containing 20 g glass was prepared and subjected to Soxhlet extraction with benzene; the insoluble polymer part was found to increases as initiator concentration was decreased.

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