Syntheses of unsaturated polyesters were investigated by the divalent metal salts of mono(hydroxyethyl) phthalate–ethylene glycol–anhydrides–epoxide reactions. As anhydrides, phthalic anhydride and maleic anhydride were used, and propylene oxide and 1,2-butylene oxide were the epoxides used. The metal carboxylate groups of the above metal salts catalyzed the reaction. Viscosities of styrene solutions of the polyesters obtained showed a tendency to increase with increase in metal content. The styrene solutions could be cured to give metal-containing cured polyester resins. The cured resins were evaluated for physical properties. Generally, Mg was more effective than Ca in improving the physical properties. Further, resistance to chemical attack and boiling water and thermal behavior were also discussed.
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