Behavior of cellulose grafted with poly(methyl methacrylate) and polyacrylonitrile toward some direct and reactive dyes



Viscose rayon fibers modified with polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) were dyed with some direct and reactive dyes. Exhaustion rate of the dye onto fibers was governed by the amount and nature of the polymer grafted. In general, the dye affinity for cellulose and dye exhaustion onto fibers decreased as the graft yield increased. Dye affinity for the PAN–cellulose graft copolymers was greater than that found with PMMA–cellulose graft copolymers. Except in a few cases, the tendency of cellulose graft copolymers of ca. 13% graft to accept direct dyes was more than that of the untreated cellulose, whereas the affinity of reactive dyes for cellulose graft copolymers of up to ca. 43% polymer was more than that of untreated cellulose. The dye fixation, based on the weight of cellulose component, increased as the graft yield increased. The dyeability of cellulose oxidized with ceric ammonium nitrate was also examined. Oxidation of cellulose prior to dyeing reduced the affinity of the dye for cellulose.