Presented in part at the Eighth Australian Polymer Symposium, Terrigal, New South Wales, November 1975.
Aspects of vapor pressure osmometry†
Article first published online: 9 MAR 2003
Copyright © 1977 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume 21, Issue 2, pages 435–448, February 1977
How to Cite
Morris, C. E. M. (1977), Aspects of vapor pressure osmometry. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 21: 435–448. doi: 10.1002/app.1977.070210210
- Issue published online: 9 MAR 2003
- Article first published online: 9 MAR 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 6 FEB 1976
- Manuscript Received: 15 JUL 1975
Three aspects of vapor pressure osmometry were examined: drop size, solute volatility, and the constancy of the calibration factor. It was shown that there is a drop size effect which is dependent on the solute concentration. Solutes having vapor pressures as low as 0.3 mm Hg under the operating conditions were found to give unsatisfactory results. The calibration factor was determined using eight compounds in the molecular weight range of 128 to 883 in chloroform, toluene, and methyl ethyl ketone at several temperatures; a small but significant dependence of the calibration factor on molecular weight was demonstrated. The results fitted, with a high degree of accuracy, the relation log M̄n = a + b log (ΔV/C)C = 0, where a and b are constants for a given solvent/temperature combination. However, measurements with standard polystyrene samples, using extrapolations of this relationship to higher molecular weights, revealed considerable discrepancies in results for the one compound under different solvent/temperature combinations.