Uptake of tridodecylmethylammonium chloride by PVC



The uptake of tridodecylmethylammonium chloride (TDMAC) by poly(vinyl chloride) has been investigated to provide a more quantitative basis for the preparation of blood-compatible surfaces based on TDMAC–heparin coatings. Sorption isotherms of TDMAC from toluene–cyclohexane and toluene–methanol mixtures have been measured. In toluene–cyclohexane mixtures, the TDMAC uptake is proportional to the degree of swelling of the polymer. From ion-exchange experiments with 36Cl, it appears that only a small fraction of the TDMAC remains near the PVC surface to provide the heparin binding capacity. Methanol forms a strong H-bonded complex with TDMAC in toluence and prevents its sorption by PVC.