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Abstract

Formation of open-pore urea/formaldehyde structures from nonetherified urea/formaldehyde resins involves reaction of one or more methylol groups with other methylol or amino groups. The structure formation proceeds through particle formation and growth until all the resin is consumed. A strong acid is preferred for achieving a porous structure in urea/formaldehyde resins; weakly ionized acids produce structures with low yield. Colloidal instability is an asset in porous structure formation. An 80:20 polyethylene oxide/polypropylene oxide block copolymer of approximate molecular weight 8500 has been found to be an entropic-type destabilizer in the formation of porous structures.