Basic study of extrusion of polyethylene and polystyrene foams



A fundamental study of bubble morphology development and apparent rheological properties in foam extrusion is reported. The influence of melt temperature, die length/diameter ratio, and blowing agent level on the morphology are considered. Measurements of the influence of blowing agent on viscosity, extrudate swell, and end-pressure losses are described. The viscosity is reduced, but extrudate swell is increased. End-pressure losses were found to become very large relative to the die wall shear stress at low extrusion rates. These results were interpreted in terms of bubble development. The filling of molds by foaming melts was observed and is described.