Studies of porous polymer gels. I. One-step suspension technique for preparation of moderately crosslinked methacrylic acid gels



A new method of preparation of carboxyl cation exchangers directly from methacrylic acid and divinylbenzene is described. A suspension technique with a concentrated aqueous calcium chloride solution as the water phase was used. n-Octane and toluene were inert diluents of the monomers. The copolymers obtained have high ion-exchange capacity (9.6–10.6 mequ./g) and porous structure.