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Abstract

Semicontinuous emulsion polymerization of acrylic monomers with a monomer emulsion feed has been investigated. The amount of coagulum appearing during the polymerization under conditions of insufficient covering of particle surface by emulsifier was studied from the point of view of particle surface charge. Increasing the surface group concentration via copolymerization of butyl acrylate with acrylic acid or sulfoethyl methacrylate caused increased colloid stability of the system and a rapid decrease in coagulum formation. It was established that during the polymerization acid hydrolysis of ester groups took place, which caused an increase in the carboxyl groups concentration at the particle surface. These carboxyl groups contribute to the colloid stability of the polymerizing system.