Glow discharge polymerization of tetramethylsilane by capacitive coupling of 20 kHz frequency and surface hardening of polyethylene sheet



Glow discharge polymerizations of tetramethylsilane (TMS) were performed by the capacitive coupling of a 20 kHz frequency in comparison with those by the inductive coupling of a 13.56 MHz frequency. The polymers prepared by the former coupling were poorer in carbon and hydrogen, but richer in silicon than those prepared by the latter coupling. These two polymers showing similar infrared spectra contained CH3, CH2, CH, Si[BOND]O[BOND]C, Si[BOND]O[BOND]Si, Si[BOND]CH3, and Si[BOND]CH2[BOND]CH2[BOND]Si groups. Some physical properties involving surface energy, thermal stability, and absorption spectra in the regions of the UV and visible light were determined. This coating procedure was applied for surface hardening of a polyethylene sheet. The surface hardness of the polyethylene sheet was enhanced by a coating of plasma films prepared from TMS or the TMS/O2 mixtures. Surface hardness was determined by the pencil method and hardness was enhanced from 2B to 2H. The adhesion between these plasma films and polyethylene sheet was good even when immersed in 0.9% NaCl solution at 40°C for 10 days.