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Abstract

Beech sawdust samples with different lignin content were alkylated with 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyltrimethylammoniumchloride (CHMAC). The yields and the degree of subtitution of trimethylammonium-2-hydroxypropyl (TMAHP) samples were similar. Differences were found in extractability of hemicelluloses from this materials both with water and dilute alkali. To obtain the maximum yield of TMAHP–hemicelluloses (ca. 90% of the amount originally present), it is sufficient to remove about 50% of lignin. The lignin component does not influence the reactivity of hemicelluloses. The isolated hemicelluloses differ only in the distribution of functional groups and extractability.