New aspects in cationization of lignocellulose materials. IV. Modification of aspen wood meal with quarternary ammonium groups



Trimethylammonium-2-hydroxypropyl (TMAHP) derivatives of aspen wood were prepared by the reaction of wood meal with 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyltrimethylammoniumchloride (CHMAC) in alkaline medium. The TMAHP sample was fractionated and yields and exchange capacities (Q) of individual fractions were compared with beech sawdust fractions obtained under the same conditions. The most evident difference between the two studied wood types was the higher yield (14.5% of starting material) of water-soluble TMAHP–hemicelluloses obtained from aspen wood.