Effect of pressure on phase behavior in polymer blends of poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) and poly(o-fluorostyrene-co-p-fluorostyrene) copolymers

Authors

  • Yoji Maeda,

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003
    Current affiliation:
    1. Research Institute for Polymers and Textiles, Yatabe-Higashi 1-1-4, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan
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  • Frank E. Karasz,

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003
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  • William J. MacKnight

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003
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Abstract

The effect of pressure on miscibility and phase separation in blends of random copolymers of ortho- and para-fluorostyrene, P(o-FS-co-p-FS) and poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide), PPO, has been studied by differential thermal analysis (DTA) at pressures up to 300 MPa. At 200 MPa the copolymers containing from 10 to 38 mol% p-FS are miscible with PPO below 230°C using the customary criterion of a single calorimetric glass transition temperature (Tg). Each blend undergoes phase separation upon annealing at higher temperatures at both atmospheric and elevated pressures indicating the presence of a lower critical solution temperature (LCST). When the phase behaviors of the 50/50 wt% blends are examined as a function of temperature and copolymer composition, a symmetric miscibility “window” can be observed in the resulting temperature-composition diagram with a maximum at about 22 mol% p-FS. In a complementary set of experiments, the pressure dependence of the phase boundary for the blend of PPO and P(o-FS-co-p-FS) in which the copolymer contained 29 mol% p-FS was studied. The temperature minimum of the phase boundary is at about 50 wt% PPO and is independent of pressure. The consolute temperature, Tc, increases at about 0.10°C/MPa up to 200 MPa and then becomes independent of pressure to reach an asymptotic value at around 270°C. Similar behavior is also observed for blends in which the copolymer composition contains either 16 or 23 mol% p-FS. In these blends the decrease of dTc/dP at higher pressures may indicate that the negative volume of mixing approaches zero above 200 MPa. This study shows therefore, that pressure no longer plays a role in increasing the miscibility above 200 MPa.

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