Presented in part at Polymer 85, Melbourne, Australia, February 1985.
Aging and performance of structural film adhesives. III. Effect of humidity on a modern aerospace adhesive†
Article first published online: 9 MAR 2003
Copyright © 1989 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume 37, Issue 1, pages 15–32, 5 January 1989
How to Cite
Ennis, B. C., Pearce, P. J. and Morris, C. E. M. (1989), Aging and performance of structural film adhesives. III. Effect of humidity on a modern aerospace adhesive. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 37: 15–32. doi: 10.1002/app.1989.070370102
- Issue published online: 9 MAR 2003
- Article first published online: 9 MAR 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 SEP 1987
- Manuscript Received: 20 APR 1987
The aging of an uncured, DGEBA-based commercial film adhesive exposed to high humidity at 40°C was monitored by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), thermal analysis, solubility, flow, and mechanical testing of joints. DGEBA and brominated DGEBA resins, and representative mixes of these were hydrolyzed in vitro. It is suggested that the major reaction at 40°C is polymerization, which is accelerated by moisture and leads to a crosslinked structure different to that resulting from normal cure. The poorer adhesive performance after aging is mainly the result of reduced resin flow during joint formation, although there is some contribution from the hydrolysis of epoxide groups which leads to lower crosslink density in the cured adhesive. The softening point of the uncured material and Tg of the cured material are useful indicators of the quality of this adhesive which, compared to some earlier formulations, has improved resistance to these conditions.