Copolymerization of acrylamide with cationic monomers in solution and inverse-microsuspension

Authors

  • W. Baade,

    1. McMaster Institute for Polymer Production Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4L7
    Current affiliation:
    1. Bayer AG, Division KAF, D-4047 Dormagen, Federal Republic of Germany
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  • D. Hunkeler,

    1. McMaster Institute for Polymer Production Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4L7
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  • A. E. Hamielec

    1. McMaster Institute for Polymer Production Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4L7
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Abstract

The free radical copolymerization of acrylamide with three of the most commonly used cationic comonomers diallyldimethylammonium chloride, dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate, and dimethylaminoethylacrylate, the latter two quaternized with methyl chloride, was investigated. The polymerizations were carried out with azocyanovaleric acid and potassium persulfate over the temperature range 45–60°C. The copolymer reactivity ratios were determined with the error-in-variables method using residual monomer concentrations, measured by a Nalco HPLC method. This combination of estimation procedure and analytical technique has been found to be superior to any methods used previously for the estimation of reactivity ratios for cationic-acrylamide copolymers.

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