Functionalized polymers derived from the reaction of polymaleic anhydride with amines and alcohols



In the present study the application of polymaleic anhydride as a reactive polymer is illustrated in its reactions with didodecylamine, diphenylamine, and dodeecanol. These polymers consisting of lipophilic segments (originating from the long aliphatic chains) or of the mesomorphic diphenyl moiety coupled with the polar carboxylic or carboxylate group can in principle exhibit mesomorphism in the melt and aggregate in dispersion. Of these derivatives didodecyl derivative froms mesomorphic-like structure in the melt, dodecanol monoester derivative dissolves freely in water whereas the sodium salts of the polymers disperse in water due to the presence of distinct polar and lipophilic moieties in their molecules.