Polymerization of isoprene in n-heptane with triethylaluminum–titanium tetrachloride catalyst. I. Effect of Al/Ti ratio on stereoregularity, conversion, molecular weight, and molecular weight distribution



The influence of the Al/Ti ratio of the heterogeneous Ziegler–Natta catalyst system AlEt3–TiCl4 on the isoprene polymerization in n-heptane at 30°C in a bench scale reactor was investigated. Each batch run consisted of 50 mL isoprene, 200 mL n-heptane with 0.45 and 0.5g catalyst. Conversion of isoprene and molecular weights of polyisoprene increased with increasing Al/Ti ratio, reaching their maxima values at 1.0 and 1.2, respectively. Conversion and molecular weights decreased remarkably at a higher ratio of Al/Ti. As this ratio decreases from the value of 1.2 to 0.4, the cis1,4 content in polyisoprene decreased from 97 to 25%. When the ratio of Al/Ti increased from 1.2 to 2.2 the cis-1,4 structure of polyisoprene decreased from 97 to 85%.