Sequential vapor sorption of additional penetrants in preswollen polymers

Authors

  • Laurent G. Bontoux,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
    Search for more papers by this author
  • David S. Soane

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Uptake and removal of a second penetrant in polymer samples preexposed to another vapor dictate many industrially important processes. Both the kinetics and equilibrium sorption can be strongly affected by the presence of the first permeant in the polymeric matrices. A novel experimental setup was constructed to study penetrant uptake in sequence. Sorption of the second vapor took place while the partial vapor pressure of the first vapor was maintained, so that diffusion into the preswollen polymer approximated transport in a pseudobinary system. Polybutylene was chosen in this work to illustrate the capability of this versatile experimental system. Both the rate of diffusion and equilibrium sorption of the second vapor were found to depend on the prevailing composition of the preswollen polymer for all penetrant pairs studied.

Ancillary