Influence of silica reinforcement upon the glass transition behavior of acrylic polymers

Authors

  • Charles G. Reid,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Box 427, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0427
    Current affiliation:
    1. Union Carbide Corporation, Weston Canal Center, P.O. Box 450, Somerset, NJ 08875-0450
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  • Alan R. Greenberg

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Box 427, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0427
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Abstract

The glass transition temperatures (Tg) of poly(acrylic acid), poly(methyl acrylate), and poly(ethyl acrylate) filled with submicron particulate silicas and silicates have been measured by dynamic mechanical spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. The peak temperatures of the damping factor (tan δ) and the dynamic shear loss modulus (G″) were shifted by an amount which depended upon the quantity and type of filler added to each polymer. The temperatures corresponding to the step discontinuity of specific heat also shifted, but to a lesser extent than those measured mechanically. The degree of Tg shift per unit of volumetric filler addition increased with polymer pendant group polarity for both measurement methods. Utilizing a Tg-crosslinking analogue, a model was developed that related positive Tg shifts to polymeric segmental adsorption onto filler surfaces. This model also incorporated negative contributions to the Tg shift from energy storage mechanisms arising from particle–particle interactions, as well as corrections due to effective surface area available for polymer adsorption.

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