Effect of prevulcanisation of natural rubber latex on the chemical and physical properties of latex thread
Article first published online: 10 MAR 2003
Copyright © 1990 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume 40, Issue 9-10, pages 1627–1636, 5 - 20 November 1990
How to Cite
Peethambaran, N. R. and George, T. K. (1990), Effect of prevulcanisation of natural rubber latex on the chemical and physical properties of latex thread. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 40: 1627–1636. doi: 10.1002/app.1990.070400918
- Issue published online: 10 MAR 2003
- Article first published online: 10 MAR 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 JUL 1989
- Manuscript Received: 28 APR 1989
The effect of prevulcanisation on the processing properties and network structure of a series of latex compounds containing conventional and efficient vulcanisation (E.V. systems) systems for the manufacture of latex thread was evaluated. Prevulcanisation was effected at 70°C and the extent of crosslinks formed and compound viscosity at various periods of heating were studied. It is observed that the vulcanisation systems studied have a profound effect on the extent of crosslink formation during prevulcanisation. The network structure of the vulcanisate was also studied and found that polysulphidic content is high as the extent of prevulcanisation of the latex compound increases. Latex threads were also prepared from typical latex compounds which were prevulcanised to different degrees and their chemical and physical properties were evaluated. It is observed that the extent of prevulcanisation affects the aged and unaged physical properties of latex threads.