Funding was provided by the ORNL Laboratory Director's R&D Fund and by the Office of Health and Environmental Research, U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-840R21400 with the Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.
Investigation of surface morphology of emeraldine hydrochloride by scanning tunneling microscopy
Article first published online: 10 MAR 2003
Copyright © 1990 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume 40, Issue 9-10, pages 1693–1702, 5 - 20 November 1990
How to Cite
Mantovani, J. G., Warmack, R. J., Annis, B. K., Macdiarmid, A. G. and Scherr, E. (1990), Investigation of surface morphology of emeraldine hydrochloride by scanning tunneling microscopy. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 40: 1693–1702. doi: 10.1002/app.1990.070400923
- Issue published online: 10 MAR 2003
- Article first published online: 10 MAR 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 JUN 1989
- Manuscript Received: 19 DEC 1988
An STM investigation of the surfaces of emeraldine hydrochloride films indicates that the surfaces are characterized by features that are generally fiberlike in appearance. The widths of these structures ranged from 10 to 140 nm, and the apparent heights varied from 0.5 to 70 nm. Fiber lengths of up to 1 μm were observed. In some regions, the fibers appeared to be highly interconnected in a random fashion while in others there was nearly parallel alignment.