Solution and emulsion polymerization with partially neutralized methacrylic acid

Authors

  • Glenn L. Shoaf,

    1. School of Chemical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0100
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Gary W. Poehlein

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Chemical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0100
    • School of Chemical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0100
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Polymerizations of partially neutralized methacrylic acid (MAA) were performed in both solution and emulsion systems. Polymerizations of MAA in solution were performed at an overall degree of neutralization ranging between 0 and 1. The rate of polymerization of the acid is found to decrease as the degree of neutralization increases due to increased electrostatic repulsion of the dissociated acid species (anions). The degree of neutralization of the unreacted monomer increases as the conversion increases. A kinetic model based on a copolymerization mechanism is used to describe the reaction behavior. Partially neutralized methacrylic acid was also polymerized with styrene in a seeded emulsion system. The reaction rates of both the acid and styrene decrease as the overall degree of neutralization increases. A previously developed emulsion copolymerization kinetic model is extended to account for reaction of the anions and used to investigate the overall “terpolymerization” of the acid, anions, and styrene.

Ancillary