Effect of hydroquinone on location of methacrylic acid-grafted chains introduced into polyethylene film by photografting

Authors

  • Hitoshi Kubota,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Gunma University, Kiryu, Gunma 376, Japan
    • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Gunma University, Kiryu, Gunma 376, Japan
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  • Yasuo Hata

    1. Central Research Laboratory, Idemitsu Kosan Co. Ltd., Kimitsu-Gun, Chiba 292-01, Japan
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Abstract

Effect of hydroquinone (HQ) on photografting of methacrylic acid (MAA) on low-density polyethylene film (thickness = 30 μm) sensitized with xanthone was investigated at 60°C in water medium. Both the formation of grafted polymer and homopolymer were retarded by HQ. The contact angle of water on the MAA-grafted polyethylene films (sample with HQ) prepared in the system with HQ was larger than that of the grafted films (sample without HQ) prepared in the system without HQ. Based on electron probe microanalysis of the grafted films, it was found that distribution of grafted chains in the direction of film thickness is different between the both grafted films. Namely, the grafted chains of the sample with HQ distributed in the inside of the film compared with those of the sample without HQ. The difference in the distribution of grafted chains between the grafting systems with and without HQ was discussed in terms of effect of HQ on the photodecomposition of MAA-grafted chains and the subsequent initiation of polymerization by radicals due to the photodecomposition.

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