Improvement of plybond strength of paperboard by corona treatment

Authors

  • Isao Sakata,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Forest Products, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812, Japan
    • Department of Forest Products, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812, Japan
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  • Mitsuhiro Morita,

    1. Department of Forest Products, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812, Japan
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  • Hiroshi Furuichi,

    1. Department of Forest Products, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812, Japan
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  • Yoshifumi Kawaguchi

    1. Department of Forest Products, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812, Japan
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Abstract

It was found that the treatment of the surfaces of wet pulp sheets (moisture content; up to 85%) in a corona discharge improved greatly the plybond strength of the paperboard obtained when the treated wet pulp sheets were laminated together, pressed, and then dried. Treatment was carried out by use of a corona apparatus which had variable driven roll electrodes for transporting the wet pulp sheets through a corona field and was attached to a high-voltage generator (∼ max 500 W, ∼ 16 kV at 5 kHz). The plybond strengths of the paperboards were examined by means of Tappi RC-273 and JIS P8139 methods. Some experiments regarding the chemical effects of the corona treatment on the surface modification of wet pulp sheets were made with the aid of dye adsorption methods. Both untreated and corona-treated pulps adsorbed basic dyes, methylene blue, etc., with the same extent of dyeing. This indicates that no measurable acidic sites (carboxyl groups) increased on the surfaces of the pulp sheets during the corona treatment. To detect aldehyde groups, the dyeing examination of the pulps with Schiff's reagent was made, and the results showed a higher dyeing ability for the corona-treated pulps compared to the untreated, indicating that aldehyde groups on the pulp surfaces increased with an increase in the degree of corona treatment. The corona treatment seems to produce on the surface layer lightly oxidized and fairly degraded polysaccharide chains, which will tend to swell in water and thus act as an adhesive in plybonding the pulp sheets.

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