The phase behavior of a series of binary component polymer blends of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(t-butylstyrene-co-acrylonitrile) (TBSAN) containing varying contents of acrylonitrile (AN) was examined to determine the influence of copolymer composition and PCL content on blend miscibility or immiscibility. Thermal measurements were extensively used to determine phase behavior, i.e., a single compositionally dependent glass transition temperature implies blend miscibility. Otherwise, immiscibility is assumed to dominant blend behavior. It was determined that TBSAN and PCL form miscible blends over a broad range of AN content, i.e., spanning from below 43.2 mol % (19.8 wt %) to about 66.4 mol % (39.6 wt %), a range considerably different from that found in poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) copolymers. TBSAN-containing blends were found to be immiscible when the AN content is less than about 43 mol % or greater than about 67 mol %. Small-angle light-scattering and polarized light microscopy was used to probe the substantial morphological changes in the miscible blends. Little change was observed in the immiscible blends. These results clarify the phase separation observed in these blend systems. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.