Tensile retraction measurements. V. The effect of carbon black on the cross-link density of cured rubber



Tensile retraction measurements have been made on the same SBR filled with 50 phr of 10 different carbon blacks. The slopes and intercepts determined from the plots against λmax were determined in three different elongation ranges. These carbon blacks were chosen to have a variety of different surface areas and structures such that the influence of these features on the slopes and intercepts could be measured. The tensile retraction parameters determined were also evaluated at elevated temperatures and Arrhenius plots were made. The activation energies calculated from these plots showed that the structure and surface area of the carbon blacks had no effect on the process being measured. A series of different molecular weight SBRs were also made by anionic techniques to have 0, 1, and 2 tributyltin end groups. The changes in the constants determined from tensile retraction measurement on these cured filled stocks were explained in terms of the number of loose end groups still present after reaction with the carbon black. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.