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Effect of acrylonitrile content of styrene-co-acrylonitrile (SAN) on morphology and electrooptical properties of polymer/liquid crystal composite films

Authors

  • B. K. Kim,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Pusan 609-735, Korea
    • Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Pusan 609-735, Korea
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  • Y. S. Ok

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Pusan 609-735, Korea
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Abstract

Effects of copolymer composition on morphology and electrooptical properties of polymer/liquid crystal (LC) (40/60 w/w) composite films were studied with styrene-co-acrylonitrile (SAN) of varying acrylonitrile (AN) content (6.3–35 wt %) and a cyanobiphenyl-type liquid crystal (E8). The dimension of the LC domain in the composite film decreased with increase of AN content of SAN up to 30 and increased at 35 wt %. The contact angle of the film with an LC drop showed a similar trend; however, its minimum was obtained at 24% AN. Threshold voltage (Vth) and rise time (τR) increased, and decay time (τD) decreased with AN content up to 30%, and the tendency is reversed at 35%. The results were interpreted in terms of, possibly, a solubility parameter matching between SAN and LC. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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