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Fumaryl chloride and maleic anhydride–derived crosslinked functional polymers for nonlinear optical waveguide applications



The synthesis, processing, and characterization of new crosslinked functional polymer thin films derived from fumaryl chloride and maleic anhydride is presented. Experimental data demonstrated that this is a versatile, convenient, and cost-effective method of fabricating ultrastructure crosslinked and functional polymer thin films for potential nonlinear optical (NLO) or other applications where molecular orientation is required. The unsaturated and processable polyester thin films are capable of crosslinking in air to form a hardened lattice under a variety of conditions, including both thermal and photoinitiated crosslinking. The thermal stability of the second harmonic (SHG) signal for a crosslinked NLO thin film was stable at temperatures up to 150°C, which is in contrast to uncrosslinked polymers whose SHG signals typically decreased over 50% below 100°C. Because of the lack of NH/OH groups and their vibrational overtones in the polymer, these crosslinked polyester systems have a great potential for low optical loss applications at 1550 nm communication wavelength. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 317–322, 2004