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Characterization of films from chitosan and quaternized poly(4-vinyl-N-butyl) pyridine solutions



All Blend films were prepared from a mixture of 2 wt % chitosan in acetate solution and 4 wt % quaternized poly(4-vinyl-N-butyl) pyridine (QPVP) in aqueous solution and dried at room temperature for 72 h to obtain the films. Their structure and properties were studied by infrared (IR), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Crystallinities of the blend films decreased with the increase of QPVP when weight of QPVP content was less than 15.0 wt %. The thermostability, tensile strength, and breaking elongation of the films in dry state were better than those of chitosan film. Tensile strength of the blend film dried at 40°C under vacuum for 24 h achieved 56.38 MPa when the weight ratio of chitosan to QPVP was 9 : 1. The structural analysis indicated that there was a strong interaction between chitosan and QPVP resulting from strong adhesion between both polymers. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 559–566, 2004