Trace metal ion retention properties of crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridine) and poly(acrylic acid)



The crosslinked resins poly(4-vinylpiridine) (PVPy) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) were obtained by radical polymerization. PVPy shows monodentate ligands and PAA at basic pH is basically as acrylate anion, which can contain end-carboxylates groups or form a bridge acting as mono- or bidentate ligands. The retention properties for trace metal ions from saline aqueous solutions and natural seawaters of these two resins were investigated by Batch equilibrium procedure. The metal ions studied were Cu(II), Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II). The following effects were studied: pH, contact time, amount of the adsorbent, temperature, and salinity. The resin PVPy showed a high affinity for Cd(II) and PAA for Cu(II) and Cd(II). The metal ions were determined in the filtrate by atomic absorption spectrometry. By the treatment of the loaded resin with 4M HNO3, it was possible to remove completely the Cu(II) ions. The retention properties of the resins were studied for trace metal ions present in the natural seawaters. Both resins showed a high affinity for Cd(II) when the natural seawater contained Cu(II) and Cd(II). © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 2908–2916, 2004