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Study of cationic ring-opening photopolymerizations using optical pyrometry



Studies of the photoinitiated cationic ring-opening polymerizations of epoxide and oxetane monomers were conducted using optical pyrometry. Using this technique, the temperature of these photopolymerizations was monitored as a function of time. The effects of photoinitiator type and monomer structure on the rates of photopolymerization were investigated. Optical pyrometry was also used to investigate the acceleration of the photopolymerizations of various epoxide and oxetane monomers. Certain mixtures of monomers displayed synergistic effects that markedly increased their overall rates of polymerizations. In all cases in which acceleration of polymerization rate was noted, it could be attributed to an increase in the speed of ring opening of the initially formed protonated cyclic ether. The effects of relative humidity on the rate of cationic ring-opening photopolymerizations of cyclic ether monomers were also investigated. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 3303–3319, 2004