Effects of solvent adsorption on solution properties of poly(vinyl alcohol)/dimethylsulfoxide/water ternary systems



In this study, the solvent adsorption phenomena of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) in cosolvent mixtures of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO; solvent 1) and water (solvent 2) were investigated. Typically, this cosolvent mixture could form hydrogen-bonded DMSO/(water)2 complexes, involving one DMSO and two water molecules. Because of the complex formation in the cosolvent mixtures, PVA chains preferentially adsorb water molecules at DMSO mole fraction X1 < 0.33, but preferentially adsorb DMSO molecules at X1 > 0.33. The preferential adsorption of DMSO (a good solvent for PVA) could cause the relatively extended conformation of PVA chains in solutions because of the increase in excluded volume effect. Because of various interactions between PVA chains and cosolvent mixtures, the aggregation and gelation behaviors of PVA solutions were significantly affected by the composition of cosolvent mixture. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 3211–3217, 2004