Modeling the curing kinetics for a modified bismaleimide resin using isothermal DSC



The kinetics of curing for a modified bismaleimide (BMI) resin was investigated to ascertain a suitable cure model for the material. The resin system used in this study was composed of 4,4′-bismaleimidodiphenylmethane (BMIM) and 0,0′-diallyl bisphenol A (DABPA, DABA). The BMIM was the base monomer and the DABPA was the modified agent. A series of isothermal DSC runs provided information about the kinetics of cure in the temperature range 170–220°C. Regardless of the different temperatures, the shape of the conversion curves was similar, and this modified BMI resin system underwent an nth-order cure reaction. Kinetic parameters of this BMI resin system, including the reaction model, activation energy, and frequency factor, were calculated. From the experimental data, it was found that the cure kinetics of this resin system can be characterized by a first-order kinetic model. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 3338–3342, 2004