Mechanical properties, morphological structure, and thermal behavior of dynamically photocrosslinked PP/EPDM blends

Authors

  • Longxiang Tang,

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
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  • Baojun Qu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
    • Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
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  • Xiaofeng Shen

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui 230039, China
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Abstract

A dynamically photocrosslinked polypropylene (PP)/ethylene–propylene–diene (EPDM) rubber thermoplastic elastomer was prepared by simultaneously exposing the elastomer to UV light while melt-mixing in the presence of a photoinitiator as well as a crosslinking agent. The effects of dynamic photocrosslinking and blend composition on the mechanical properties, morphological structure, and thermal behavior of PP/EPDM blends were investigated. The results showed that after photocrosslinking, tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, and elongation at break were improved greatly. Moreover, the notched Izod impact strength was obviously enhanced compared with corresponding uncrosslinked blend. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) morphological analysis showed that for uncrosslinked PP/EPDM blends, the cavitation of EPDM particles was the main toughening mechanism; whereas for dynamically photocrosslinked blends, shear yielding of matrix became the main energy absorption mechanism. The DSC curves showed that for each dynamically photocrosslinked PP/EPDM blend, there was a new smaller melting peak at about 152°C together with a main melting peak at about 166°C. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) indicated that the compatibility between EPDM and PP was improved by dynamic photocrosslinking. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 3371–3380, 2004

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