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Effect of chemically modified waste rubber powder as a filler in natural rubber vulcanizates



Waste rubber powder (RP) was subjected to chemical modification by using different concentrations of oxidizing agents such as nitric acid and 30% hydrogen peroxide solution. This treatment leads to introducing some functional groups onto the surface of RP. The chemically modified RP was incorporated in natural rubber mixes either alone or in combination with carbon black (HAF). The physicomechanical properties of NR vulcanizates obtained were studied and compared to NR vulcanizates filled with untreated RP. It was found that the chemically modified RP improves tensile strength and aging resistance of NR vulcanizates compared with untreated RP. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 93: 30–36, 2004