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Determination of monomer reactivity ratios using in situ FTIR spectroscopy for maleic anhydride/norbornene-free-radical copolymerization

Authors

  • Anthony J. Pasquale,

    1. Department of Chemistry and the Center for Adhesive and Sealant Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061-0212
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  • Timothy E. Long

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry and the Center for Adhesive and Sealant Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061-0212
    • Department of Chemistry and the Center for Adhesive and Sealant Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061-0212
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Abstract

Monomer reactivity ratios for maleic anhydride (MAH) and norbornene (Nb) free-radical copolymerizations were estimated by using a linear graphical method, which is based upon the terminal model developed by Mayo and Lewis. Reactions were performed by using optimized reaction conditions that were previously determined. MAH/Nb copolymerizations (3 mol % AIBN initiator, 60% solids in THF, 65°C, 24 h). Copolymerization data were collected via in situ FTIR to low degrees of conversion (∼ 10%) for copolymerizations of MAH and Nb. The following five different MAH/Nb comonomer feed molar ratios were analyzed: 40/60, 45/55, 50/50, 55/45, and 60/40. Conversion data that were measured with in situ FTIR were employed in the rearranged copolymer composition equation to estimate MAH and Nb reactivity ratios. Both of the reactivity ratios were determined to be near 0 (rMAH = 0.02, rNb = 0.01), which was indicative of an alternating copolymerization mechanism. The highest observed rate constant for copolymerization was obtained at an equal molar concentration of monomers. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 3240–3246, 2004

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