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Synthesis and properties of 4-(ω-methoxyoligodimethylsiloxanyl)butyl maleate: A new surfmer



Anionic reactive maleate with hydrophobic oligosiloxane chain was synthesized to use as a stabilizer in the batch and seeded emulsion polymerization of traditional monomers (acrylates, methacrylates, styrene, etc.). Polymerizable surfactant is obtained in a three-step synthesis, starting from the anionic polymerization of cyclic siloxanes, followed by the silylation of methanol with the obtained cyclic oligomer, and finishing with the acylation of the linear oligomer by maleic anhydride. The improved technique of the synthesis of 4-chlorobutoxydimethylchlorosilane, one of the initial substances for obtaining siloxane monomer, was elaborated. The anionic polymerization of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane using cyclic alkoxysilane was carried out to form siloxane cyclic oligomer for the first time. The chemical structure of the monomer synthesized was confirmed by IR spectroscopy and functional analysis. Critical micelle concentration of the obtained surfactant was measured. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 93: 310–313, 2004