Isothermal crystallization behavior of polypropylene catalloys

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Abstract

The isothermal crystallization behavior of polypropylene (PP) catalloys and neat PP were studied with differential scanning calorimetry and polarized optical microscopy (POM). The crystallization kinetics of the samples were described with the well-known Avrami equation. The crystallization rate depended remarkably on the content of the ethylene component in the PP catalloys. The crystallization half-time increased obviously with the increase of the ethylene component in the PP catalloys. We also observed by POM that in isothermal crystallization, there were many more nuclei in the PP catalloys than that in neat PP and with an increase of the ethylene component, the average size of the spherulites decreased obviously. Even when ethylene content was as high as 27%, the crystallization rate still increased apparently, and this was quite different from common PP melting blends, in which the crystallization rate decreased when the ethylene content was relatively high because of the obstruction effect of dispersed droplets to the spherulite growth of the PP matrix. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 93: 877–882, 2004

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