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Keywords:

  • crystallization;
  • kinetics;
  • nanocomposites

Abstract

The preparation and properties of nanocomposites, consisting of a poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and an organophilic clay are described. The effect of organophilic clay on the crystallization behavior of (PHBV) was studied. A differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) was used to monitor the energy of the crystallization process from the melt. During the crystallization process from the melt, the organophilic clay led to an increase in crystallization temperature (Tc) of PHBV compared with that for plain PHBV. During isothermal crystallization, dependence of the relative degree of crystallization on time was described by the Avrami equation. The addition of organophilic clay caused an increase in the overall crystallization rate of PHBV, but did not influence the mechanism of nucleation, and growth of the PHBV crystals and the increase caused by a small quantity of clay is move effective than that large one. The equilibrium melting temperature of PHBV was determined as 186°C. Analysis of kinetic data according to nucleation theories showed that the increase in crystallization rate of PHBV in the composite is due to the decrease in surface energy of the extremity surface. The mechanical test shows that the tensile strength of hybrid increased to 35.6 MPa, which is about 32% higher than that of the original PHBV with the incorporation of 3 wt % clay, and the tensile modulus was also increased. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 93: 655–661, 2004