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Ultraviolet-radiation-induced graft copolymerization of methyl acrylate onto the sodium salt of partially carboxymethylated guar gum

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Abstract

In an attempt to modify the sodium salt of partially carboxymethylated guar gum (Na-PCMGG; degree of substitution = 0.291), we studied the ultraviolet-radiation-induced graft copolymerization of methyl acrylate with ceric ammonium nitrate as a photoinitiator. The influence of the grafting yield was studied as a function of the different reaction parameters, and the optimum reaction conditions for photografting were determined. The various reaction parameters included the photoinitiator, nitric acid, and monomer (methyl acrylate) concentrations, the reaction time, the temperature, and the amount of the substrate. A kinetic scheme for photografting copolymerization was proposed, and the results were in good agreement with the kinetic scheme. The graft copolymerization of methyl acrylate onto Na-PCMGG (degree of substitution = 0291) in the presence and absence of ultraviolet radiation was also carried out for the study of the efficiency of the photoinitiator. The influence of carboxymethyl groups added to the guar gum molecule on its behavior toward ultraviolet-radiation-induced grafting with methyl acrylate was also investigated. The evidence of photografting was ascertained with IR spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy techniques. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 97: 1977–1986, 2005

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