Thermoplastic elastomers based on recycled high-density polyethylene, ethylene–propylene–diene monomer rubber, and ground tire rubber

Authors

  • O. P. Grigoryeva,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 48 Kharkivske shose, UA-02160 Kyiv, Ukraine
    • Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 48 Kharkivske shose, UA-02160 Kyiv, Ukraine
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  • A. M. Fainleib,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 48 Kharkivske shose, UA-02160 Kyiv, Ukraine
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  • A. L. Tolstov,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 48 Kharkivske shose, UA-02160 Kyiv, Ukraine
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  • O. M. Starostenko,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 48 Kharkivske shose, UA-02160 Kyiv, Ukraine
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  • E. Lievana,

    1. Institut für Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH (Institute for Composite Materials), University of Kaiserslautern, PO Box 3049, D-67653 Kaiserslautern, Germany
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  • J. Karger-Kocsis

    1. Institut für Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH (Institute for Composite Materials), University of Kaiserslautern, PO Box 3049, D-67653 Kaiserslautern, Germany
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Abstract

High-performance thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), based on recycled high-density polyethylene (HDPER), olefinic type ethylene–propylene–diene monomer rubber (EPDM), and ground tire rubber (GTR) treated with bitumen, were prepared by using dynamic vulcanization technology, and their structure–property relationships were investigated. It was established that special pretreatment of GTR by bitumen confers outstanding mechanical properties on the resulting TPEs. TPEs, containing GTR pretreated by bitumen, exhibit thermal behavior similar to that of the HDPER/EPDM basic blend in the temperature region up to about 340°C. Rheological measurements showed that bitumen acts as an effective plasticizer for the GTR-containing TPEs. SEM, DSC, and DMTA results revealed improved adhesion between the particles of GTR treated by bitumen and the surrounding thermoplastic matrix, compared to that of the untreated GTR particles. It was concluded that bitumen acts as an effective devulcanizing agent in the GTR treatment stage. In the following steps of TPE production, bitumen acts simultaneously as a curing agent for the rubber components (EPDM/GTR) and as a compatibilizer for the blend components. GTR-containing TPEs, prepared by extrusion technology, were reprocessed (by passing through the extruder six times) without any observable changes in their tensile properties, thermal stability, and melt viscosity. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 95: 659–671, 2005

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