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Radiation-induced grafting of glycidyl methacrylate onto high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and radiation lamination of HDPE

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Abstract

Radiation-induced grafting of glycidyl meth-acrylate (GMA) onto high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and the radiation lamination of HDPE by bulk grafting of GMA were reported. The effects of irradiation dose, monomer concentration, and atmosphere on grafting were investigated. The extent of grafting initially increased with irradiation dose and then remained almost constant. The extent of grafting was higher in 2M GMA than in 1M GMA at the same irradiation dose. The extent of grafting in nitrogen was higher than that in air. The grafted samples were characterized with FTIR spectrometry and thermogravimetric (TG) analysis. A carbonyl group was found on grafted HDPE samples, and the carbonyl index increased with the extent of grafting. TG analyses proved the existence of grafted materials on HDPE and the grafted GMA thermally decomposes at a temperature lower than that of HDPE. Strong adhesion could be obtained with radiation lamination of HDPE by bulk grafting of GMA. Benzophenone facilitates the grafting in a proper concentration range. The adhesion mechanism of the laminated samples was the entanglement of the grafted chains. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 96: 772–779, 2005

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