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Cure behavior of UP/Org-MMT/MEKP/cobalt octoate nanocomposites by the dynamic torsional vibration method

Authors

  • Yiyun Cheng,

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, Anhui, China
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  • Dazhu Chen,

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, Anhui, China
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  • Chunlei Wang,

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, Anhui, China
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  • Pingsheng He

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, Anhui, China
    • Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, Anhui, China
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Abstract

The cure behavior of unsaturated polyester(UP)/organo-montmorillonite (Org-MMT)/methyl ethyl ketone peroxide (MEKP)/cobalt octoate intercalated nanocomposites at varying temperatures and Org-MMT loadings was investigated by the Dynamic Torsional Vibration Method (DTVM). The apparent kinetic parameters of the cure reaction, including the gelation time tg, apparent activation energy Ea, and curing rate, etc., were estimated by Flory's gelation theory, non-equilibrium thermodynamic fluctuation theory, and Avrami equation. The theoretical prediction is in good agreement with the experimental results obtained by the DTVM. The gelation time tg increases, and the rate of curing reaction decreases, with increasing Org-MMT loadings, but there is no obvious effect of Org-MMT on the apparent activation energy Ea and the curing process of nanocomposites. A two-step cure process of UP was observed due to the addition of Org-MMT. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 97: 1–7, 2005

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