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Improvement of the water selectivity of ULTEM poly(ether imide) pervaporation films by an allylamine-plasma-polymerized layer

Authors

  • M. Kaba,

    1. Organisation Moléculaire, Evolution et Matériaux Fluorés, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5073 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc Montpellier II, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
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  • N. Raklaoui,

    1. Organisation Moléculaire, Evolution et Matériaux Fluorés, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5073 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc Montpellier II, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
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  • M.-F. Guimon,

    1. Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie Moléculaire, UMR 5624 CNRS, Hélioparc Pau-Pyrénées, Avenue du Président-Angot, 64053 Pau Cedex 9, France
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  • A. Mas

    Corresponding author
    1. Organisation Moléculaire, Evolution et Matériaux Fluorés, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5073 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc Montpellier II, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    • Organisation Moléculaire, Evolution et Matériaux Fluorés, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5073 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc Montpellier II, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
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Abstract

The wettability and surface energy of extruded ULTEM poly(ether imide) films strongly increased (the water contact angle varied from 75 to 38° and the surface energy varied from 45.3 to 59.5 mJ m−2, respectively) with the deposition of an allylamine-plasma-polymerized layer and were characterized with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy according to the experimental parameters. Pervaporation tests for dehydrating the water/ethanol azeotropic mixture were performed at 40°C with nontreated and plasma-treated ULTEM films for 15, 30, 60, and 120 min. No significant difference was noticed in the total flow (ca. 2.5 g/m2 h) among the various films. However, for the 30-min duration, a great increase in the water selectivity from 850 to 10,850 was measured, and it was related to the higher N/C ratio and the presence of amide groups on the surface. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 97: 2088–2096, 2005

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