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Mechanical properties of deproteinized natural rubber in comparison with synthetic cis-1, 4 polyisoprene vulcanizates: Gum and black-filled vulcanizates

Authors

  • N. Rattanasom,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
    2. Centre for Rubber Research and Technology, Mahidol University, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
    • Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
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  • U. Thammasiripong,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Rama 6 Road, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand
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  • K. Suchiva

    1. Centre for Rubber Research and Technology, Mahidol University, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
    2. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Rama 6 Road, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand
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Abstract

Gum and black-filled vulcanizates having various crosslink densities were prepared from 2 types of rubber, namely, deproteinized natural rubber (DPNR) and synthetic cis-1, 4 polyisoprene vulcanizates (IR). Their mechanical properties, such as tensile strength, tear strength, abrasion loss, and heat buildup resistance, at various crosslink densities as well as at similar optimum crosslink density were compared. For both gum and black-filled systems, IR possessed a higher crosslink density than that of DPNR at a fixed curative content. Tensile and tear strength of all vulcanizates passed through a maximum with increasing crosslink density. For gum vulcanizates, tensile and tear strengths of DPNR and IR below the maximum were not much different. However, IR had a narrower tear strength peak relative to DPNR. At a comparable optimum crosslink density, DPNR exhibited higher tensile strength and crack growth resistance than IR. For black-filled vulcanizates, tensile and tear strengths, and heat buildup resistance of DPNR and IR at a given crosslink density were similar. The results revealed that the properties of gum samples were more dependent upon crosslink density than the black-filled ones because the reinforcement by carbon black overshadowed the intrinsic properties of the rubbers. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 97: 1139–1144, 2005

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