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Keywords:

  • crosslinking;
  • electron beam irradiation;
  • gels

Abstract

The electron-beam-induced crosslinking of hydrogenated acrylonitrile–butadiene rubber (HNBR) was investigated. HNBR sheets were exposed to electron-beam irradiation in air at a room temperature of 25 ± 2°C over a dose range of 0–20 Mrad. An attempt was made to correlate the structure of the irradiated rubber with the properties. The ratio of chain scission to crosslinking and the gelation dose were determined by a method proposed elsewhere. The gel content and dynamic storage modulus increased with the radiation dose. Fourier transform infrared studies revealed the formation of double bonds and carbonyl and ether groups. These observations were further supported by a thermogravimetric analysis of the carbonaceous residue of irradiated HNBR. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 97: 648–651, 2005