CdS nanoparticles were prepared using amphiphilic urethane acrylate nonionomer (UAN) precursor chains having a poly(propylene oxide)-based hydrophobic segment and a hydrophilic poly(ethylene oxide) segment. Cadmium salts were first dissolved in UAN/styrene solutions, and then the solutions were copolymerized to obtain poly(urethane acrylate-co-styrene) films containing dissolved cadmium salts. After reduction with H2S gas, freestanding films containing CdS nanoparticles were obtained. Transmission electron microscopy images of the films showed that 9.67-nm CdS nanoparticles were dispersed within the poly(urethane acrylate-co-styrene) matrix. The formation of CdS nanoparticles was also confirmed with UV absorption spectra and photoluminescence emission spectra of the films. Transmission electron microscopy and dynamic mechanical analysis measurements confirmed that hydrophilic/hydrophobic microphase separation in UAN/styrene solutions occurred during the dissociation of the cadmium salts, and the microphase-separated structures were locked in by crosslinking copolymerization. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 97: 2357–2363, 2005
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.