Plasma induced grafting of PSt onto titanium dioxide powder. II



Grafting of polystyrene (PSt) onto titanium dioxide powder was investigated in this study. The graft polymerization reaction was induced by N2 plasma treatment of the surfaces of the titanium dioxide powder. IR and XPS results showed that PSt was grafted onto the titanium dioxide powder. The crystal structure of the titanium dioxide powder observed by XRD spectra was unchanged after plasma graft polymerization. In the grafting reaction, the grafting yield increased with the plasma power, the plasma treatment time, and the grafting reaction, but it increased first then decreased after reaching 50°C. The type of monomers also has an effect on the grafting yield. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 97: 2112–2117, 2005